Statehood Day 2024: Slovenia celebrates its 33rd Statehood Day

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Today, on June 25th, Slovenia commemorates its Statehood Day, marking an important milestone in the history of this small but independent European country. Statehood Day is a Slovenian national holiday that remembers June 25, 1991, when Slovenia formally became independent. On this day 32 years ago, the then Slovenian Assembly adopted key documents that led to Slovenia’s independence and the establishment of a sovereign and independent state. This holiday symbolizes the courage, determination, and desire of the Slovenian people for democracy, freedom, and their own destiny.

Main Celebration and Ceremonies on Statehood Day

Most of the ceremonies for Statehood Day took place this year on Monday, with various events happening across the country in honor of this important holiday. The main celebration will be held in the Slovenian capital, where high-ranking government officials, politicians, and many citizens will gather to commemorate the significance of this day. The President of the National Council, Marko Lotrič, will also attend the state celebration of Statehood Day.

Open Day at the Presidential Palace today

On the holiday itself, the Presidential Palace will host an open day, the first since the beginning of President Nataša Pirc Musar’s term. Citizens have a unique opportunity to visit the Presidential Palace, meet the President, and exchange views and questions on current topics of interest.

Establishment of Independent Slovenia

June 25, 1991, is a historic day when Slovenia became an independent country. On this day, the Slovenian Assembly adopted two key documents: the Declaration of Independence of Slovenia and the Basic Constitutional Charter on the Sovereignty and Independence of Slovenia. The formal proclamation of these documents took place the next day, June 26, in Republic Square in Ljubljana. With this, Slovenia officially embarked on the path to sovereignty and independence.

Slovenian Independence War

Just two days after the declaration of independence, Slovenia was shaken by an attack from the Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA). On June 27, 1991, the Slovenian Independence War began, in which Slovenia resolutely defended its independence. Despite military opposition from the JNA, Slovenia, with the help of the Territorial Defense and Civil Protection units, managed to maintain its independence and reach a ceasefire agreement, which was signed on July 7, 1991. This war was a pivotal moment in the fight for Slovenian sovereignty.

Scenes from the Slovenian War of Independence in 1991

Difference between Statehood Day and Independence and Unity Day

It’s important to distinguish between Statehood Day, celebrated on June 25, and Independence and Unity Day, celebrated on December 26. Independence and Unity Day is linked to December 26, 1990, when the official results of the plebiscite were announced, with over 88% of Slovenians supporting Slovenia’s secession from the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. This day symbolizes the unity of the Slovenian nation in its efforts towards independence.

In these 32 years, the country has made significant progress and become an important member of the international community. Slovenia faces challenges but has successfully established a stable economy, implemented an effective legal system, and joined the European Union and other international organizations. Statehood Days are occasions for pride, celebrating achievements, and reminding us to respect and nurture the values on which independent Slovenia is based.